It is a specialized field of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities, particularly in regards to misalignment of teeth and jaws.
Orthodontic treatment aims to correct issues such as:
These are misalignments of the teeth, which can include overcrowding, gaps, overbites, underbites, crossbites, and open bites.
Teeth that are not aligned properly can cause difficulty in cleaning, increase the risk of tooth decay and gum disease, and may also impact a person’s appearance and self-confidence.
Orthodontics can help address problems with the jaw’s growth and development, which may lead to difficulties in chewing, speaking, or even breathing.
Common orthodontic treatments include:
Traditional metal braces consist of brackets bonded to the teeth, connected by archwires that apply pressure to gradually move teeth into their desired positions.
These are a series of transparent, removable trays (like Invisalign) that gently shift the teeth into alignment. They are virtually invisible and provide a more discreet alternative to braces.
Used to widen the upper jaw when it’s too narrow, especially in growing children.
This external appliance is used to correct overbites and other jaw-related issues.
After active orthodontic treatment, retainers are used to maintain the new position of the teeth.